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Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by size (value) (S45)

This data displays the total value of NZD deposits grouped together in bands based on deposits that have a balance that is equal to a value within the specified band as at the end of the reporting month.

Previous years: Monthly:
Dec 2021 Dec 2022 Aug 2023 Sep 2023 Oct 2023 Nov 2023 Dec 2023
Transaction balances ($m)
Total 133,552 128,162 113,683 113,693 112,956 115,570 116,376
Household transaction balances ($m)
Total 52,974 46,595 40,618 40,179 39,801 39,416 39,526
$0 - 1,000 1,081 1,158 1,183 1,128 1,140 1,182 1,186
$1,001 - 10,000 6,573 6,915 6,819 6,620 6,685 6,671 7,030
$10,001 - 50,000 11,896 11,766 11,105 11,121 10,975 10,926 11,130
$50,001 - 100,000 6,726 6,439 5,667 5,673 5,595 5,547 5,554
$100,001 - 250,000 8,959 7,934 6,573 6,556 6,508 6,429 6,360
$250,001 - 1,000,000 12,189 9,104 6,848 6,738 6,672 6,489 6,269
$1,000,001 - 5,000,000 4,563 2,810 1,908 1,895 1,812 1,818 1,697
$5m+ 987 470 515 448 412 354 299
Other transaction balances ($m)
Total 80,578 81,566 73,066 73,514 73,155 76,155 76,850
$0 - 1,000 76 82 88 87 88 85 86
$1,001 - 10,000 1,238 1,262 1,297 1,288 1,296 1,291 1,295
$10,001 - 50,000 4,844 4,666 4,366 4,479 4,363 4,428 4,584
$50,001 - 100,000 4,363 4,178 3,612 3,746 3,648 3,763 3,893
$100,001 - 250,000 7,595 7,213 6,093 6,367 6,127 6,331 6,641
$250,001 - 1,000,000 14,361 13,132 10,983 11,534 11,429 11,592 11,943
$1,000,001 - 5,000,000 15,465 14,068 12,703 12,866 12,788 13,099 13,168
$5m+ 32,634 36,965 33,923 33,146 33,417 35,566 35,240
Savings balances ($m)
Total 123,064 114,605 111,137 111,585 112,140 112,393 112,127
Household savings balances ($m)
Total 84,444 81,046 78,687 79,382 79,485 79,158 79,244
$0 - 1,000 501 499 518 511 506 513 513
$1,001 - 10,000 5,437 5,403 5,648 5,654 5,630 5,639 5,656
$10,001 - 50,000 16,766 16,810 17,187 17,342 17,350 17,396 17,469
$50,001 - 100,000 11,730 11,801 11,764 11,852 11,868 11,871 11,923
$100,001 - 250,000 17,332 17,012 16,559 16,674 16,654 16,560 16,689
$250,001 - 1,000,000 22,782 20,827 19,208 19,369 19,405 19,183 19,106
$1,000,001 - 5,000,000 8,642 7,520 6,796 6,864 6,917 6,776 6,680
$5m+ 1,254 1,175 1,005 1,116 1,156 1,220 1,208
Other savings balances ($m)
Total 38,620 33,559 32,450 32,203 32,655 33,234 32,883
$0 - 1,000 29 29 31 30 31 30 29
$1,001 - 10,000 459 441 442 448 439 443 443
$10,001 - 50,000 2,177 2,039 1,901 1,959 1,934 1,989 2,033
$50,001 - 100,000 2,228 2,107 1,921 1,980 1,952 1,991 2,040
$100,001 - 250,000 4,032 3,903 3,698 3,784 3,795 3,919 4,045
$250,001 - 1,000,000 8,505 8,002 7,645 7,794 7,939 8,079 8,174
$1,000,001 - 5,000,000 9,397 8,418 7,907 8,009 8,345 8,395 8,296
$5m+ 11,793 8,620 8,905 8,199 8,220 8,389 7,821
Term deposit balances ($m)
Total 154,610 182,169 201,412 203,568 204,841 207,248 209,924
Household term deposits ($m)
Total 94,394 116,956 133,275 134,347 136,208 138,489 140,352
$0 - 10,000 877 1,222 1,607 1,640 1,616 1,654 1,672
$10,001 - 50,000 12,212 14,306 16,639 16,853 17,005 17,266 17,459
$50,001 - 100,000 12,885 15,659 18,227 18,432 18,686 19,009 19,241
$100,001 - 250,000 22,387 27,063 30,973 31,292 31,682 32,209 32,627
$250,001 - 1,000,000 30,384 38,684 43,649 44,028 44,529 45,169 45,931
$1,000,001 - 5,000,000 13,217 16,773 18,503 18,511 18,844 18,984 19,327
$5m+ 2,433 3,250 3,678 3,591 3,845 4,197 4,096
Other term deposits ($m)
Total 60,216 65,213 68,137 69,221 68,632 68,759 69,572
$0 - 10,000 74 84 94 94 93 92 92
$10,001 - 50,000 1,334 1,479 1,537 1,528 1,510 1,505 1,501
$50,001 - 100,000 1,686 1,859 1,957 1,949 1,962 1,965 1,978
$100,001 - 250,000 3,597 3,989 4,298 4,286 4,306 4,336 4,355
$250,001 - 1,000,000 8,951 11,200 11,916 11,869 11,931 12,055 12,171
$1,000,001 - 5,000,000 13,814 15,589 16,138 16,056 15,857 15,874 16,339
$5m+ 30,761 31,013 32,196 33,438 32,973 32,931 33,136

The data: coverage, periodicity and timeliness

Coverage characteristics

We source data from our Balance Sheet Survey.

  • S10 Banks: Balance sheet
  • S30 Banks: Assets – Loans by sector
  • S31 Banks: Assets – Loans by purpose
  • S32 Banks: Assets – Loans by product
  • S33 Banks: Assets – Loans fully secured by residential mortgage by repricing
  • S34 Banks: Assets – Loans and Repos by industry
  • S35 Banks: Assets – Loans by business size
  • S36 Banks: Assets – Business loans by product
  • S37 Banks: Assets – Agriculture loans by product
  • S40 Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by sector
  • S41 Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by industry
  • S42 Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by repricing
  • S45 Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by size (Value)
  • S46 Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by size (Number)
  • S50 Banks: Assets – Loans by asset quality
  • S51 Banks: Assets – Asset quality by business size

Most data starts from 31 December 2016 when the Bank Balance Sheet Survey replaced the Standard Statistical Return (SSR). However, some data has been backdated to provide long-run consistent data. The back series has been estimated using data from the SSR. Asset quality data starts from March 2018.

Data is reported at market values, where applicable, and as at the end of the reporting period.

Data covers assets and liabilities denominated in both NZ dollars and foreign currency. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are converted into New Zealand dollars in accordance with NZ GAAP.

Periodicity and timeliness

We publish data on the last working day of the month.

Access by the public

Statistics release calendar

The statistics release calendar provides a long-term plan of scheduled releases. We update it and release it on the first working day of the month.

View the statistics release calendar

Integrity

Dissemination of terms and conditions under which official statistics are produced, including confidentiality of individual responses

We collect data under Sections 262 of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Act (2021) and 93 of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Act 1989.

Provision of information about revisions and advance notice of major changes in methodology

We generally publish revisions when we are next due to update and release the table. Should we need to make revisions more promptly, we will post a special note. We post any major changes in methodology as a special note.

Quality

Dissemination of documentation on methodology and sources used in preparing statistics

The survey template and definitions are available.

Go to the Surveys page

Dissemination of statistics that support statistical cross-check and provide assurance of reasonableness

Registered banks publish disclosure statements that offer checks for reasonableness.

Assets

Cash (notes and coin)

All currency held by registered banks. Includes both notes and coins issued or authorised by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) and all foreign currency notes and coin held that has been issued or authorised by offshore central banks or governments.

Deposits (with depository institutions)

Deposits are amounts which are redeemable or withdrawable from another bank or financial institution and are not debt securities or held as available for sale.

Demand deposits

Demand balances are amounts which are redeemable or withdrawable from another bank or financial institution on demand (balances are on call) and are not debt securities or held as available for sale.

Other deposits

Other deposits comprise all claims, other than demand deposits, that are represented by evidence of deposit.  Includes all time or term deposits that have a maturity of greater than 1 day and also includes cash collateral placed in relation to derivative trades.

Debt securities

Debt securities are negotiable instruments serving as evidence of a debt; can be bought or sold between two parties and have basic terms defined, such as notional amount (amount borrowed), interest rate and maturity/renewal date. Debt securities include government bonds, corporate bonds, CDs, local body bonds, preference stock, collateralised securities and zero-coupon securities. Includes both Available for sale and Trading securities.

Available-for-sale securities

Available for sale securities that are non-derivative financial assets that are designated as available for sale.

Trading securities

Trading securities are financial instruments acquired principally for selling in the short-term or securities that are part of a portfolio which is managed for short term profit-taking. Trading securities are held at fair value with gains and losses being recorded in profit or loss in accordance with NZ GAAP.

Loans and

advances

Loans and advances (or receivables) are financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market.  Loans are financial assets that (1) are created when a creditor lends funds directly to a debtor, and (2) are evidenced by non-negotiable documents.

Other net adjustments for loans and advances

Adjustments currently included in ‘Net loans & advances’ as reported in Disclosure Statements.

Securities purchased under agreement to resell

Securities purchased under agreement to re-sell with counterparties (including with the RBNZ).

Shares and other equity investments

Shares are referred to as equity and represent ownership of part of a company. Shares can be listed, unlisted or units in investment funds.

Derivatives in an asset position

Derivatives are instruments that derive their value from an underlying asset, an underlying liability, an index, or reference rate. Derivatives in an asset position are contracts where the market value of the closing position is positive at the reporting date.

Other assets

All other assets not classified including insurance assets, accounts receivable, dividends receivable, tax assets, property plant & equipment, goodwill and intangibles.

Liabilities

Deposits

Deposits are standard, non-negotiable contracts open to the public that allow the placements of variable amounts of funds and the later withdrawal. Deposits exclude any debt securities but include redeemable shares issued by building societies to customers.

Transaction balances

These include balances where the purpose of the account is primarily for making transactions or "every day" banking by customers. Balances are on call.

Savings balances

These include balances where the purpose of the account is primarily for saving. For some balances disincentives may apply if used for transaction purposes i.e. a “penalty” may apply such as loss of bonus interest. Balances are on call.

Term deposit balances

Customer time or term deposits with a maturity of greater than one day.

Other net adjustments for deposits

Adjustments currently included in ‘Total deposits’ as reported in Disclosure Statements.

Debt securities (issued)

Debt securities are negotiable instruments serving as evidence of a debt; can be bought or sold between two parties and have basic terms defined, such as notional amount (amount borrowed), interest rate and maturity/renewal date. Debt securities issued include CDs, preferred stock, collateralised securities (such as CDOs, CMOs, GNMAs) and zero-coupon securities. Includes Short-term, Subordinated, and Other long-term debt securities.

Debt securities issued comprises securities issued in New Zealand and issued offshore.

Short-term debt securities ( ≤ one year)

Debt securities that have an original term to maturity of 1 year or less.

Subordinated debt securities ( > one year)

Tradable subordinated debt securities (not loans) as defined under the Basel Capital Adequacy framework including those held by parents and related parties.

All other long-term debt securities ( > one year)

All other debt securities that have an original term to maturity of greater than one year.

Other net adjustments for debt securities

Adjustments currently included in ‘Total debt securities’ as reported in Disclosure Statements.

Borrowings

Borrowing is a loan to the bank. A loan is a financial liability created when funds are borrowed directly from a lender and are evidenced by documents that are not negotiable. Includes Subordinated and Other borrowed funds. Also includes Securities sold under agreement to repurchase.

Subordinated loans

Subordinated loans as defined under the Basel Capital Adequacy framework.

Securities sold under agreement to repurchase

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase with banks (including with the RBNZ).

All other borrowed funds

All other borrowing from parents (except subordinated borrowings and subordinated debt securities), cash collateral received in relation to derivative trades, and all other funding not classified as deposits or securities.

Other net adjustments for borrowings

Adjustments currently included in ‘Total borrowing’ as reported in Disclosure Statements.

Derivatives in a liability position

Derivatives are instruments that derive their value from an underlying asset, an underlying liability, an index or reference rate. Derivatives in a liability position are contracts where the market value of the closing position is negative at the reporting date.

Other liabilities

All liabilities not already classified.

Equity

Ordinary shares

Ordinary share capital on issue.

Preference shares

Preference shares have a priority over dividend payments and to the assets of the reporting company.

Reserves

Profits that are not distributed to shareholders as dividends but are kept as a reserve for specific purposes.

Retained earnings

Profits that are not distributed to shareholders as dividends but are reinvested in the bank.

Other

Any equity not separately identified including branch capital.

Sector

Residents

Persons, companies and other entities that are ordinarily domiciled or have a principal centre of economic interest in New Zealand.

Financial businesses

This sector consists of resident financial institutions that mainly pursue financial services.

The major subsectors are:

  • Reserve Bank of New Zealand
  • Registered banks
  • Other depository institutions
  • Other financial institutions.

Non-financial businesses

Non-financial businesses consist of resident business enterprises that produce goods and non-financial services to sell at competitive market prices that are sufficient to generate a profit or surplus in the long term. Includes residential investor property use loans.

General government

General government comprises:

  • Central government
  • Local government.

Central government

Central government includes organisational units of central government responsible for functions such as taxation, law and order, defence, and those responsible for advancing the economic and social well-being of the country in other ways.

Local government

This sector consists of territorial authorities and regional councils, as well as other non-market units and non-profit institutions they control. They are responsible for functions such as town planning, providing local infrastructure, libraries, museums, and sports grounds.

Non-profit institutions serving households (NPISH)

This sector includes organisations that provide goods or services to their members, or to other households, without charge or at prices that are not economically significant.

The main kinds of organisations included are:

  • Community and social groups
  • Philanthropic organisations.

Households

This sector includes individuals, family trusts and estates.

Non-residents

Persons, companies and other entities that are ordinarily domiciled or have a principal centre of economic interest in a country other than New Zealand. Includes Financial institutions abroad, Sovereign abroad, Non-financial business abroad, and Households abroad.

Sovereign abroad

Non-New Zealand sovereigns, Supranational, and quasi-sovereign entities.

Financial institutions abroad

This sector consists of non-resident financial institutions that mainly pursue financial services.

Non-financial business abroad

Includes non-resident business enterprises that produce goods and non-financial services to sell at competitive market prices that are sufficient to generate a profit or surplus in the long term.

Households abroad

This sector includes individuals, family trusts and estates ordinarily domiciled or have a principal centre of economic interest in a country other than New Zealand.

Other abroad

All other non-resident entities not already classified.

Loan purpose

Housing

Housing comprises:

  • Owner occupier property use
  • Residential investor property use.

Owner occupier property use

Owner occupiers are borrowers who own or are in the process of buying or building the house or flat they will live in as their principal place of residence. An owner can occupy more than one property e.g. a family home and a holiday home. Only households can have owner occupier property use loans.

Residential investor property use

Investors are entities or persons borrowing for the purpose of building or purchasing residential property to rent. This includes ‘Mum and dad’ investor loans and any person(s) that have a separate residential investor property use loan which is not for their normal business purpose.

Personal consumer loans

Personal or consumer loans which are not fully secured on residential property including overdrafts, credit cards, and term loans.

Business loans

Business loans comprise:

  • Loans (for business use) to non-financial businesses that are fully secured by residential mortgage.
  • Loans to non-financial businesses that not fully secured by residential mortgage.

Excludes agriculture loans.

Commercial property

Includes:

  • Investment property
  • Property development – commercial
  • Property development – residential.

Investment property

Includes primarily commercial property for capital value appreciation and associated cash flows.

Property development – commercial

Includes primarily construction of office, retail or other commercial developments.

Property development – residential

Includes primarily residential sub-division and residential apartment developments.

Other business

All other business loans that are not for commercial property. Excludes agriculture loans.

Agriculture loans

Business loans to the agriculture industry (ANZSIC06) including:

  • Dairy farming
  • Sheep, beef cattle and grain farming
  • Horticulture
  • Other agriculture on farm.

Does not include any loans to the agriculture industry for residential investor property use.

Financial institutions loans

Loans to financial institutions. Does not include any loans to financial institutions for residential investor property use.

Other loans

All other loans to general government. non-profit institutions serving households.

Loan product

Interest only

Loans that have no scheduled principal repayment. This does not include revolving credit loans that have a fixed limit or revolving credit loans that have a scheduled reducing limit.

Revolving credit

Revolving credit loans are loans that have a fixed limit but no scheduled principal repayment. Such loans can be redrawn and paid back repeatedly within approved limits without further credit approval. This does not include revolving credit loans that have a scheduled reducing limit.

Principal and interest

Loans that have scheduled principal repayment, e.g. table loans. This includes revolving credit loans that have a scheduled reducing limit.

Overdraft (personal consumer)

Available balance is below zero (overdrawn).

Credit cards (personal consumer)

Outstanding loans originated and still managed via credit cards.

Term loans (personal consumer)

Loan that is repaid in regular payments over a set period of time. Does not include term loans fully secured by residential property.

All other loans

All other loans and advances not included elsewhere.

Loans fully secured by residential mortgage

Loans fully secured by residential mortgage

Loans secured by a mortgage over a residential property.  Excludes loans cross collateralised between residential property and other assets where the share attributable to the residential property cannot be identified.

Owner occupier property use

Owner occupiers are borrowers who own or are in the process of buying or building the house or flat they will live in as their principal place of residence. An owner can occupy more than one property e.g. a family home and a holiday home.

Residential investor property use

Investors are entities or persons borrowing for the purpose of building or purchasing residential property to rent. This includes ‘Mum and dad’ investor loans and any person(s) that have a separate residential investor property use loan which is not for their normal business purpose.

Business loans secured by residential property

Business lending where the only security type is a residential mortgage loan. The borrower declares that the loan is for business purposes as part of the loan application. Excludes loans cross collateralised between residential property and other assets where the share attributable to the residential property cannot be identified.

Loan repricing

Floating

Floating rate loans where the interest rate can or does change the following business day and offset loans.

Fixed

All other loans that are not floating or non-interest bearing, which are reporting in the bucket in which the interest rate resets. Loans are reported on a non-amortised basis i.e. the fully outstanding loan principal is reported in the time bucket in which the loan’s interest rate is re-priced or reset.

ANZSIC

ANZSIC 2006

The Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) 2006 is used to compile and analyse industry statistics in New Zealand and Australia.

Data for loans by (ANZSIC) industry (S34) will not align with loans by sector (S30) or purpose (S31:

  • Loans by (ANZSIC) industry (S34) includes securities purchased under agreement to resell (repos).
  • Loans to the Public administration and safety industry does not include crown entities (S34). Loans to crown entities are included in the General government sector (S30).
  • Loans to ACC and EQC are included in the Insurance industry (S34). Loans to ACC and EQC are included in the General government sector (S30).
  • Loans to District Health Boards (DHBs) are included in the Health care & social assistance industry (S43). Loans to DHBs are included in the General government sector (S30).
  • Loans to the Agriculture industry includes loans for residential investor property use and loans to crown entities involved in agriculture (S34). The loans for Agriculture purposes does not include residential investor property use or loans to crown entities involved in agriculture (S31).
  • Loans to the Rental, hiring & real estate surveys includes loans for Residential investor property use (S34).

Loans by business size

Loans by business size

Business loans are categorised by the size of their business turnover. Further guidance on loans by business size can be found in the Bank Balance Sheet definitions. Business loans by size is a breakdown of business loans in Table S31.

Small

Turnover less than $1m.

Medium

Turnover greater than $1m and less than $50m.

Large

Turnover greater than $50m.

SME

Small and medium enterprise loans.

Loans by asset quality

Total loans

Gross loans and advances.

Impaired loans

A loan or advance is impaired when one or more events occur that cause a lender to believe they will not receive all of the future principal and interest repayments that have been contractually agreed with the borrower. These events could include: the borrower entering significant financial difficulty or bankruptcy; the borrower failing to make repayments as required and the loan becoming past due; the contractual agreement between the lender and borrower being restructured or amended; the borrower breaching covenants or other terms and conditions that have been contractually agreed with the lender.

Loans 90 days past due but not impaired

A loan or advance is past due when the borrower fails to make a payment (of principal and/or interest) when that payment was contractually due. When a borrower has failed to make repayments on a loan for 90 or more days, that loan is 90 days past due.

Total non-performing loans

The total value of loans and advances that are 90 days past due plus impaired loans.

Non-performing loans ratio (%)

Ratio of total non-performing loans to total loans.

Individual provisions

An allowance for expected credit impairment loss on individual loans and advances where the borrower is having difficulty servicing the loan, or where a loan or advance becomes non-performing.

Collective provisions

An allowance for anticipated credit impairment loss from groups of loans and advances.

Difference to other published tables

The tables S50 Loans by Asset Quality and S51 Asset Quality by Business Size will not align with series published in table S31 Loans by Purpose due to business loans fully secured by residential property not being collected with a detailed Asset Quality breakdown. Business loans fully secured by residential property are published in Table S33 Loans fully secured by residential mortgage, by time until next repricing.

Deposits by repricing

Repricing

Deposits are reported in buckets according to when the deposit is due to mature or to be repriced i.e. when the interest rate is reset.

On call

Includes all deposits with balances which are either readily available to be withdrawn or can be withdrawn at short notice. All deposits not bearing interest are also included here.

Households

Includes resident & non-resident households.

Business

Includes all resident & non-resident non-financial business, as well as resident SOEs, mixed ownership & CCOs. Agriculture deposits are also included within business deposits.

Other

Includes all other resident & non-resident counterparties such as financial institutions, government, non-profit institutions and other abroad deposits.

Deposits by size (value and number)

Deposits

Data is based on the value and number of accounts and not by customer. Does not include accounts with “Nil” balances. Deposits are in New Zealand dollars only and do not include foreign currency deposits.

Bucket size

The S45 table denotes the aggregate value of all deposits that have a balance as at the end of the reporting month that is equal to a value within the specified bucket range. The S46 table denotes the number of accounts that form the aggregate values for each bucket.

Households

Includes resident & non-resident households.

Other

Includes all other counterparties such as financial institutions, non-financial business & government. Includes all resident & non-resident deposits held in NZD.

Other

Foreign currency (FX)

The New Zealand dollar equivalent of foreign currency balances.