Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by sector (S40)
This data provides information on bank deposits, by sector.
|Jan 2021||Jan 2022||Sep 2022||Oct 2022||Nov 2022||Dec 2022||Jan 2023|
|All deposits ($m)|
|Resident (A1 to A9)||364,886||387,228||395,378||398,081||402,063||405,404||398,972|
|A1. Financial business||39,421||38,379||39,015||37,729||39,260||40,239||40,418|
|A2. Non-financial business||104,273||114,109||113,446||115,076||116,073||115,209||111,156|
|A3. General government||14,600||13,994||12,720||14,667||15,087||16,438||14,868|
|A3.1 Central government||10,729||9,287||9,665||11,486||11,357||13,028||11,844|
|A3.2 Local government||3,871||4,707||3,055||3,181||3,731||3,410||3,025|
|A4. Non-profit institutions||4,653||5,076||5,234||5,372||5,365||5,299||5,366|
|A9. Unallocated resident||11||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Non-resident (B1 to B9)||32,767||31,771||35,944||34,834||34,283||33,975||35,109|
|B1. Financial business abroad||9,795||9,485||11,188||10,587||11,202||11,053||12,270|
|B2. Non-financial business abroad||1,849||1,916||3,880||3,204||2,126||2,071||2,012|
|B3. Households abroad||21,010||20,295||20,808||20,981||20,901||20,795||20,778|
|B9. Other abroad||112||75||68||63||54||55||50|
|Transaction balances ($m)|
|Savings balances ($m)|
|Term deposit balances ($m)|
Household series break
31 May 2022
In April 2022, a registered bank reclassified lending from Households - Personal consumer to Financial institutions, totalling approximately $186m. Approximately $183m of Household deposits have also been reclassified.
If you have any questions please contact [email protected].
The data: coverage, periodicity and timeliness
We source data from our Balance Sheet Survey.
- S10 Banks: Balance sheet
- S30 Banks: Assets – Loans by sector
- S31 Banks: Assets – Loans by purpose
- S32 Banks: Assets – Loans by product
- S33 Banks: Assets – Loans fully secured by residential mortgage by repricing
- S34 Banks: Assets – Loans and Repos by industry
- S35 Banks: Assets – Loans by business size
- S36 Banks: Assets – Business loans by product
- S37 Banks: Assets – Agriculture loans by product
- S40 Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by sector
- S41 Banks: Liabilities – Deposits by industry
- S50 Banks: Assets – Loans by asset quality
Most data starts from 31 December 2016 when the Bank Balance Sheet Survey replaced the Standard Statistical Return (SSR). However, some data has been backdated to provide long-run consistent data. The back series has been estimated using data from the SSR. Asset quality data starts from March 2018.
Data is reported at market values, where applicable, and as at the end of the reporting period.
Data covers assets and liabilities denominated in both NZ dollars and foreign currency. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are converted into New Zealand dollars in accordance with NZ GAAP.
Periodicity and timeliness
We publish data on the last working day of the month.
Access by the public
Statistics release calendar
The statistics release calendar provides a long-term plan of scheduled releases. We update it and release it on the first working day of the month.
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Dissemination of terms and conditions under which official statistics are produced, including confidentiality of individual responses
We collect data under Sections 36 and 93 of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Act (1989).
We publish aggregated data. Individual institutional data is confidential.
Read the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Act 1989
Provision of information about revisions and advance notice of major changes in methodology
We generally publish revisions when we are next due to update and release the table. Should we need to make revisions more promptly, we will post a special note. We post any major changes in methodology as a special note.
Dissemination of documentation on methodology and sources used in preparing statistics
The survey template and definitions are available.
Dissemination of statistics that support statistical cross-check and provide assurance of reasonableness
Registered banks publish disclosure statements that offer checks for reasonableness.
Cash (notes and coin)
All currency held by registered banks. Includes both notes and coins issued or authorised by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand and all foreign currency notes and coin held that have been issued or authorised by offshore central banks or governments.
Deposits (with depository institutions)
Deposits are amounts that are redeemable or withdrawable from another bank or financial institution and are not debt securities or held as available for sale.
Demand balances are amounts that are redeemable or withdrawable from another bank or financial institution on demand (balances are on call) and are not debt securities or held as available for sale.
Other deposits comprise all claims, other than demand deposits, that are represented by evidence of deposit. Includes all time or term deposits that have a maturity of greater than one day and also includes cash collateral placed in relation to derivative trades.
Debt securities are negotiable instruments serving as evidence of a debt, can be bought or sold between two parties and have basic terms defined, such as notional amount (amount borrowed), interest rate and maturity/renewal date. Debt securities include government bonds, corporate bonds, CDs, local body bonds, preference stock, collateralised securities and zero-coupon securities. Includes both available-for-sale and trading securities.
Available-for-sale securities that are non-derivative financial assets that are designated as available for sale.
Trading securities are financial instruments acquired principally for selling in the short term or securities that are part of a portfolio that is managed for short-term profit-taking. Trading securities are held at fair value, with gains and losses being recorded in profit or loss in accordance with NZ GAAP.
Loans and advances
Loans and advances (or receivables) are financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. Loans are financial assets that (1) are created when a creditor lends funds directly to a debtor, and (2) are evidenced by non-negotiable documents.
Other net adjustments for loans and advances
Adjustments currently included in ‘Net loans and advances’ as reported in Disclosure Statements.
Securities purchased under agreement to resell
Securities purchased under agreement to re-sell with counterparties (including with us).
Shares and other equity investments
Shares are referred to as equity and represent ownership of part of a company. Shares can be listed, unlisted or units in investment funds.
Derivatives in an asset position
Derivatives are instruments that derive their value from an underlying asset, an underlying liability, an index or reference rate. Derivatives in an asset position are contracts where the market value of the closing position is positive at the reporting date.
All other assets not classified including insurance assets, accounts receivable, dividends receivable, tax assets, property plant and equipment, goodwill and intangibles.
Deposits are standard, non-negotiable contracts open to the public that allow the placements of variable amounts of funds and the later withdrawal. Deposits exclude any debt securities but include redeemable shares issued by building societies to customers
These include balances where the purpose of the account is primarily for making transactions or everyday banking by customers. Balances are on call.
These include balances where the purpose of the account is primarily for saving. For some balances disincentives may apply if used for transaction purposes; that is, a penalty may apply such as loss of bonus interest. Balances are on call.
Term deposit balances
Customer time or term deposits with a maturity of greater than one day.
Other net adjustments for deposits
Adjustments currently included in ‘total deposits’ as reported in Disclosure Statements.
Debt securities (issued)
Debt securities are negotiable instruments serving as evidence of a debt, can be bought or sold between two parties and have basic terms defined, such as notional amount (amount borrowed), interest rate and maturity/renewal date. Debt securities issued include CDs, preferred stock, collateralised securities (such as CDOs, CMOs, GNMAs) and zero-coupon securities. Includes short-term, subordinated, and other long-term debt securities.
Debt securities issued comprises securities issued in New Zealand and issued offshore.
Short-term debt securities ( ≤ one year)
Debt securities that have an original term to maturity of one year or less.
Subordinated debt securities ( > one year)
Tradable subordinated debt securities (not loans) as defined under the Basel Capital Adequacy framework including those held by parents and related parties.
All other long-term debt securities ( > one year)
All other debt securities that have an original term to maturity of greater than one year.
Other net adjustments for debt securities
Adjustments currently included in ‘total debt securities’ as reported in Disclosure Statements.
Borrowing is a loan to the bank. A loan is a financial liability created when funds are borrowed directly from a lender and are evidenced by documents that are not negotiable. Includes subordinated and other borrowed funds. Also includes securities sold under agreement to repurchase.
Subordinated loans as defined under the Basel Capital Adequacy framework.
Securities sold under agreement to repurchase
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase with banks (including with us).
All other borrowed funds
All other borrowing from parents (except subordinated borrowings and subordinated debt securities), cash collateral received in relation to derivative trades, and all other funding not classified as deposits or securities.
Other net adjustments for borrowings
Adjustments currently included in ‘total borrowing’ as reported in Disclosure Statements.
Derivatives in a liability position
Derivatives are instruments that derive their value from an underlying asset, an underlying liability, an index or reference rate. Derivatives in a liability position are contracts where the market value of the closing position is negative at the reporting date.
All liabilities not already classified.
Ordinary share capital on issue.
Preference shares have a priority over dividend payments and to the assets of the reporting company.
Profits that are not distributed to shareholders as dividends but are kept as a reserve for specific purposes.
Profits that are not distributed to shareholders as dividends but are reinvested in the bank.
Any equity not separately identified including branch capital.
Persons, companies and other entities that are ordinarily domiciled or have a principal centre of economic interest in New Zealand.
This sector consists of resident financial institutions that mainly pursue financial services.
The major subsectors are:
- Reserve Bank of New Zealand
- registered banks
- other depository institutions
- other financial institutions.
Non-financial businesses consist of resident business enterprises that produce goods and non-financial services to sell at competitive market prices that are sufficient to generate a profit or surplus in the long term. Includes residential investor property use loans.
General government comprises:
- central government
- local government.
Central government includes organisational units of central government responsible for functions such as taxation, law and order, defence, and those responsible for advancing the economic and social wellbeing of the country in other ways.
This sector consists of territorial authorities and regional councils, as well as other non-market units and non-profit institutions they control. They are responsible for functions such as town planning, providing local infrastructure, libraries, museums and sports grounds.
Non-profit institutions serving households (NPISH)
This sector includes organisations that provide goods or services to their members, or to other households, without charge or at prices that are not economically significant.
The main kinds of organisations included are:
- community and social groups
- philanthropic organisations.
This sector includes individuals, family trusts and estates.
Persons, companies and other entities that are ordinarily domiciled or have a principal centre of economic interest in a country other than New Zealand. Includes financial institutions abroad, sovereign abroad, non-financial business abroad and households abroad.
Non-New Zealand sovereigns, supranational and quasi-sovereign entities.
Financial institutions abroad
This sector consists of non-resident financial institutions that mainly pursue financial services.
Non-financial business abroad
Includes non-resident business enterprises that produce goods and non-financial services to sell at competitive market prices that are sufficient to generate a profit or surplus in the long term.
This sector includes individuals, family trusts and estates ordinarily domiciled or have a principal centre of economic interest in a country other than New Zealand.
All other non-resident entities not already classified.
Loans that have no scheduled principal repayment. This does not include revolving credit loans that have a fixed limit or revolving credit loans that have a scheduled reducing limit.
Revolving credit loans are loans that have a fixed limit but no scheduled principal repayment. Such loans can be redrawn and paid back repeatedly within approved limits without further credit approval. This does not include revolving credit loans that have a scheduled reducing limit.
Principal and interest
Loans that have scheduled principal repayment; for example, table loans. This includes revolving credit loans that have a scheduled reducing limit.
Overdraft (personal consumer)
Available balance is below zero (overdrawn).
Credit cards (personal consumer)
Outstanding loans originated and still managed via credit cards.
Term loans (personal consumer)
Loan that is repaid in regular payments over a set period of time. Does not include term loans fully secured by residential property.
All other loans
All other loans and advances not included elsewhere.
Loans fully secured by residential mortgage
Loans fully secured by residential mortgage
Loans secured by a mortgage over a residential property. Excludes loans cross collateralised between residential property and other assets where the share attributable to the residential property cannot be identified.
Owner occupier property use
Owner occupiers are borrowers who own or are in the process of buying or building the house or flat they will live in as their principal place of residence. An owner can occupy more than one property; for example, a family home and a holiday home.
Residential investor property use
Investors are entities or persons borrowing for the purpose of building or purchasing residential property to rent. This includes ‘mum and dad’ investor loans and any person(s) that have a separate residential investor property use loan that is not for their normal business purpose.
Business loans secured by residential property
Business lending where the only security type is a residential mortgage loan. The borrower declares that the loan is for business purposes as part of the loan application. Excludes loans cross collateralised between residential property and other assets where the share attributable to the residential property cannot be identified.
Floating rate loans where the interest rate can or does change the following business day and offset loans.
All other loans that are not floating or non-interest bearing, which are reporting in the bucket in which the interest rate resets. Loans are reported on a non-amortised basis i.e. the fully outstanding loan principal is reported in the time bucket in which the loan’s interest rate is re-priced or reset.
The Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) 2006 is used to compile and analyse industry statistics in New Zealand and Australia.
Data for loans by (ANZSIC) industry (S34) will not align with loans by sector (S30) or purpose (S31). For example:
- Loans by (ANZSIC) industry (S34) includes securities purchased under agreement to resell (repos).
- Loans to the public administration and safety industry does not include Crown entities (S34). Loans to Crown entities are included in the general government sector (S30).
- Loans to ACC and EQC are included in the insurance industry (S34). Loans to ACC and EQC are included in the general government sector (S30).
- Loans to district health boards (DHBs) are included in the health care and social assistance industry (S43). Loans to DHBs are included in the general government sector (S30).
- Loans to the agriculture industry includes loans for residential investor property use and loans to Crown entities involved in agriculture (S34). The loans for agriculture purposes does not include residential investor property use or loans to Crown entities involved in agriculture (S31).
- Loans to the rental, hiring and real estate surveys includes loans for residential investor property use (S34).
Loans by business size
Loans by business size
Business loans are categorised by the size of their business turnover. Further guidance on loans by business size can be found in the Bank Balance Sheet definitions. Business loans by size is a breakdown of business loans in table S31.
Turnover less than $1m.
Turnover greater than $1m and less than $50m.
Turnover greater than $50m.
Small and medium enterprise loans.
Loans by asset quality
Gross loans and advances.
A loan or advance is impaired when one or more events occur that cause a lender to believe they will not receive all of the future principal and interest repayments that have been contractually agreed with the borrower. These events could include: the borrower entering significant financial difficulty or bankruptcy; the borrower failing to make repayments as required and the loan becoming past due; the contractual agreement between the lender and borrower being restructured or amended; the borrower breaching covenants or other terms and conditions that have been contractually agreed with the lender.
Loans 90 days past due but not impaired
A loan or advance is past due when the borrower fails to make a payment (of principal and/or interest) when that payment was contractually due. When a borrower has failed to make repayments on a loan for 90 or more days, that loan is 90 days past due.
Total non-performing loans
The total value of loans and advances that are 90 days past due plus impaired loans.
Non-performing loans ratio (%)
Ratio of total non-performing loans to total loans.
An allowance for expected credit impairment loss on individual loans and advances where the borrower is having difficulty servicing the loan, or where a loan or advance becomes non-performing.
An allowance for anticipated credit impairment loss from groups of loans and advances.
Difference to other published tables
The table S50 Loans by Asset Quality will not align with series published in table S31 Loans by Purpose due to business loans fully secured by residential property not being collected with a detailed asset quality breakdown. Business loans fully secured by residential property are published in table S33 Loans Fully Secured by Residential Mortgage, by time until next repricing.
Foreign currency (FX)
The New Zealand dollar equivalent of foreign currency balances.
Symbols and conventions for summary table
|Symbol or convention||Definition|
|0||Zero or value rounded to zero|
|Light grey background||Historical|
- Individual figures may not sum to the totals due to rounding
- Percentage changes are calculated on unrounded numbers
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View more data in the Registered Banks series.