Gross Domestic Product (M5)

This data tracks the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of New Zealand over time. The GDP provides a snapshot of the performance of the economy and is New Zealand's official measure of economic growth.
16 December 2021 03:00 p.m.
Next release
17 March 2022 03:00 p.m.
Statistics New Zealand
Data files
Expenditure-based GDP Production-based GDP
Date (Nominal $m) (Nominal q/q% s.a.) (Nominal y/y%) (Real $m) (Real q/q% s.a.) (Real y/y%) (Real $m) (Real q/q% s.a.) (Real y/y%)
Previous years:
Sep 2019 77,755 2.1 6.5 63,578 1.1 3.9 64,188 1.0 3.2
Sep 2020 81,080 14.2 4.3 65,178 13.7 2.5 64,955 13.9 1.2
Dec 2020 87,390 -1.2 2.1 69,864 -0.8 1.3 68,380 -0.4 0.5
Mar 2021 85,633 2.1 4.1 68,321 1.3 3.8 65,739 1.5 3.3
Jun 2021 87,844 4.2 20.1 69,192 2.6 17.3 66,784 2.4 17.9
Sep 2021 82,652 -3.0 1.9 64,079 -4.7 -1.7 64,782 -3.7 -0.3

The data: coverage, periodicity, and timeliness

Coverage characteristics

Gross domestic product (GDP) represents the country's income earned from production in New Zealand. It includes income from production carried out by New Zealanders and by foreign firms operating within New Zealand.

For production and expenditure-based GDP, data is published as chain-volume measures expressed in 1995/96 prices. Expenditure-based GDP data is also expressed in current prices.




Gross domestic product is published around three months after the end of the reference quarter.

Access by the public

Statistics release calendar

The Statistics Release Calendar provides a long-term plan of scheduled releases. It is updated and released on the first working day of the month.

View the Statistics Release Calendar.


Dissemination of terms and conditions under which official statistics are produced, including confidentiality of individual responses

The data has been reproduced with the permission of Statistics New Zealand.

Provision of information about revisions and advance notice of major changes in methodology

Revisions are generally published when a table is next due to be updated and released. New or revised data is in bold font.

The Reserve Bank has compiled a regularly-updated real-time database containing successive quarterly releases of data for the expenditure and production measures of gross domestic product (GDP) and their components.


Dissemination of documentation on methodology and sources used in preparing statistics

Data is sourced from Statistics New Zealand.

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Production based

The production approach to GDP measures the total value of goods and services produced in New Zealand, after deducting the cost of goods and services used in the production process. This is also known as the value-added approach.

Expenditure based

The expenditure approach to GDP (also known as GDE) measures the final purchases of goods and services produced in the New Zealand domestic territory. Exports are added to domestic consumption, as they represent goods and services produced in New Zealand, while imports are subtracted. Imports represent goods and services produced by other economies.

Final consumption expenditure


Private final consumption expenditure comprises household expenditure or outlays on consumer goods and services, and the final consumption expenditure on non-capital items of private non-profit institutions serving households.


Government final consumption expenditure is the value of goods and services provided by the government sector for current consumption by the community. It includes both central and local government.

Gross capital formation

Gross capital formation

Outlays of producers on durable fixed assets, such as buildings, motor vehicles, plant and machinery, hydro-electric construction, roading, and improvements to land. 'Gross' indicates that consumption of fixed capital is not deducted from the value of the outlays.

Capital formation is grouped into seven broad asset types:

  • residential buildings
  • non-residential buildings
  • other construction
  • land improvements
  • transport equipment
  • plant, machinery and other equipment
  • intangible fixed assets.

Change in inventories

The increase or decrease in the value of stocks of raw materials, work in progress, and finished goods, between the beginning and the end of the period.


Gross national expenditure (GNE)

Gross national expenditure (GNE) is the total expenditure within a given period on final goods and services by New Zealand residents (that is, excluding goods and services used up during the process of production).

Exports of goods and services

Exports include all goods and services produced by New Zealand residents and purchased by the rest of the world. Exports of merchandise are valued free on board (fob), that is, the value of goods as they cross the customs border.

Imports of goods and services

Imports include all goods and services produced by the rest of the world and purchased by New Zealand residents. Imports of merchandise are appraised at value for duty (vfd) on which customs duty is based. It equates approximately with the free on board cost of the goods in the exporting country and excludes freight and insurance.

Symbols and conventions for summary table

0 Zero or value rounded to zero
- Not applicable
.. Not available
bold Revised/new
italics Provisional
light red background Historical

General notes

  • Individual figures may not sum to the totals due to rounding
  • Percentage changes are calculated on unrounded numbers
  • You are free to copy, distribute and adapt these statistics subject to the conditions listed on our copyright page.