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Insurance companies: Balance sheet (J20)

This data summarises the assets and liabilities of New Zealand's insurance industry.

Previous years: Quarterly:
Mar 2020 Mar 2021 Jun 2021 Sep 2021 Dec 2021 Mar 2022
Assets ($m)
Policyholder debt 2,054 2,222 2,775 2,731 2,704 2,392
Outwards reinsurance & other recovery assets 2,024 2,656 2,913 2,923 2,999 2,843
Deferred acquisition cost assets 532 535 583 594 593 588
Deferred & future tax on policy liabilities -2,511 -2,380 -2,316 -2,257 -2,293 -2,215
Other insurance assets 83 41 35 37 42 38
Total insurance assets 2,182 3,075 3,990 4,028 4,044 3,646
Cash and deposits 1,906 2,608 2,619 2,637 2,734 3,056
Short-term debt 2,238 3,004 2,772 2,922 2,660 2,391
Long-term debt 6,582 6,017 5,954 5,566 5,801 5,913
Equities 600 745 760 776 784 283
Unit trusts 4,168 4,745 4,991 4,950 5,008 5,122
Property 29 26 0 0 0 0
Other investment assets 414 -170 -134 -205 -241 -379
Total investment assets 15,937 16,975 16,962 16,646 16,745 16,385
Goodwill & other intangible assets 467 543 543 536 536 519
Other assets 890 862 825 840 844 921
Total assets 19,476 21,454 22,320 22,050 22,169 21,471
Liabilities ($m)
Policy liabilities life 2,383 2,772 2,890 2,861 2,832 2,479
Policy unvested benefit liability life 1,057 1,052 1,079 1,068 1,080 1,059
Gross outstanding claims liability non-life 3,123 3,535 3,600 3,712 3,720 3,903
Gross unearned premium and unexpired risk liability non-life 3,235 3,487 3,767 3,918 3,975 3,819
Outwards reinsurance liabilities 844 1,055 1,229 1,081 1,011 987
Other insurance-related liabilities 405 570 605 505 465 483
Total insurance liabilities 11,048 12,471 13,170 13,146 13,083 12,731
Other liabilities 1,132 986 1,082 1,082 1,088 990
Total liabilities 12,181 13,457 14,252 14,228 14,171 13,721
Net assets ($m)
Net assets 7,296 7,998 8,068 7,822 7,998 7,750
Key ratios
Return on net assets (%) 14.0 13.9 12.9 12.1 12.6 12.8
Investment return (%) 4.6 4.9 3.4 1.0 0.6 -0.8

The data: coverage, periodicity, and timeliness

Coverage characteristics

The Insurance Financial Performance statistics contains the revenue and expense of New Zealand’s insurance industry. Data is collected from the Quarterly Insurer Survey (QIS) which collects data from insurance companies with:

  • Gross annual premium $50+ million at financial year end; or
  • Total assets $500+ million at financial year end

but excluding reinsurers with no NZ primary insurance.

The standard QIS covers 28 out of 88 insurers and reinsurers accounting for just under 90% of assets and premiums of the regulated insurance industry as a whole.

The QIS excludes reinsurers with no New Zealand primary insurance. It also does not cover the Earthquake Commission and the Accident Compensation Corporation, as these organisations have their own enabling legislation and are not supervised by the Reserve Bank.

More information regarding the regulated insurance industry can be found in the Insurers section.

Insurers oversight

Periodicity

Quarterly

Timeliness

Data is released approximately three months after the reference quarter. 

Access by the public

Statistics release calendar

The Statistics Release Calendar provides a long-term plan of scheduled releases. It is updated and released on the first working day of the month.

View the Statistics release calendar

Integrity

Dissemination of terms and conditions under which official statistics are produced, including confidentiality of individual responses

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) is the prudential regulator and supervisor of all insurers undertaking insurance business in New Zealand (NZ), and is responsible for administering the Insurance (Prudential Supervision) Act 2010 (IPSA).

View the Insurance (Prudential Supervision) Act 2010 (IPSA)

In 2015 the Reserve Bank introduced regular data collections from New Zealand licensed insurers to support the Reserve Bank’s own prudential supervision under IPSA and monitoring of the financial sector as mandated by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Act 1989.

Find out more about the regular data collections from New Zealand licensed insurers

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand publishes only aggregated data. All information collected in the insurer data returns is subject to section 135 confidentiality provisions under IPSA.

Read the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Act 1989

Provision of information about revisions and advance notice of major changes in methodology

New data, or revised data, is in bold font. This applies to the summary table only and not excel files. Revisions are generally published when a table is next due to be updated and released. Should revisions need to be made more promptly, a ‘special note’ is published.

Any major changes in methodology are posted on the website as a ‘special note’.

Quality

Dissemination of documentation on methodology and sources used in preparing statistics

An Excel template is completed and returned each quarter by QIS respondents. The template is accompanied by a file that specifies procedures and definitions for survey respondents.

See Reporting resources for insurers for more information

Insurance methods

Life

Aggregate for all insurers that reported using life insurance methods.

Non-life

Aggregate for all insurers that reported using general insurance methods.

Life insurance methods

Insurance valuation methods that are consistent with Appendix C of NZ IFRS 4, or equivalents under other accounting standards. These are either projection (long-term future cash-flows including any renewals), accumulation (past cash-flows) or a mixture. Information that is reported specifically for life insurance methods (and not general insurance methods).

General insurance methods

Insurance valuation methods that are consistent with Appendix D of NZ IFRS 4, or equivalents under other accounting standards. These are a mixture of past and future cash-flows but without including any future renewals. Information that is reported specifically for general insurance methods (and not life insurance methods).

Assets

Policyholder debt

Unpaid premiums and premiums yet to be forwarded to the insurer by agents or brokers.

Outwards reinsurance and other recovery assets

The reinsurance assets in respect of insurance liabilities plus other claim recoveries.

Deferred acquisition cost assets

Asset for capitalised (deferred) acquisition costs, grossed up for any write-down associated with unexpired risk liability. Excludes outwards reinsurance commission.

Deferred and future tax on policy liabilities

Assets for deferred and future tax associated with gross policy liabilities and policyholder unvested benefit liability, less outwards reinsurance of gross policy liabilities.  This may be negative in some circumstances. Applicable only if life insurance methods are used and tax components of policy liabilities are separately recorded in financial statements or alternative financial information.

Other insurance assets

Any other assets associated with insurance business that is not included elsewhere and excluding negative liabilities.

Total insurance assets

The sum of policyholder debt, outwards reinsurance and other recovery assets, deferred acquisition cost assets, deferred and future tax on policy liabilities and other insurance assets.

Cash and deposits

Comprises cash at bank, transferable deposits directly useable for making payments, and fixed term deposits. Amounts are redeemable or withdrawable (with or without penalty) and are usually held with registered banks or other deposit taking institutions. Excludes loans and advances, debt securities and securities purchased under agreement to resell.

Short-term debt

Comprises negotiable instruments serving as evidence of debt with a residual term to maturity of one year or less. Excludes loans and advances, securities purchased under agreements to resell and derivatives.

Long-term debt

Comprises negotiable instruments serving as evidence of debt with a residual term to maturity of greater than one year. Excludes loans and advances, securities purchased under agreements to resell, and derivatives.

Equities

Comprises equity investments that are listed and not listed on an official stock exchange (such as NZX or ASX). Excludes investments in subsidiaries and associates.

Unit trusts

Comprises investment in pooled investment vehicles that are and are not listed on an official stock exchange (such as NZX or ASX).

Property

Comprises land and buildings for the purpose of investment as well as owner-occupied property.

Other investment assets

Any other assets, not included in the categories above, that are expected to generate investment revenue. This includes derivatives for investment, other financial assets and other non-financial assets.

Total investment assets

The sum of cash and deposits, short-term debt, long-term debt, equities, unit trusts, property and other investment assets.

Residency investment assets

Assets that have been issued by a person, company or other entity that ordinarily domiciled or has a principal centre of economic interest in New Zealand.

Offshore investment assets

Assets that have been issued by a person, company or other entity that ordinarily domiciled or has a principal centre of economic interest in a country other than New Zealand.

Goodwill and other intangible assets

The value of businesses previously purchased (goodwill) and any other intangible assets.

Other assets 

Any other assets not elsewhere classified. This includes loans, derivatives not for investment, fixed, tax and related party assets. Excludes assets in relation to insurance business and investment assets.

Total assets

The sum of total insurance assets, total investment assets, goodwill and other intangible assets and other assets.

Liabilities

Policy liabilities

Comprises gross policy liabilities – insurance contracts and gross policy liabilities – investment contracts.

Gross policy liabilities – insurance contracts

Under life insurance methods, the liability for insurance contracts business, gross of outwards reinsurance. Excludes policyholder unvested benefits liability. May be gross or net of tax, consistent with the insurer’s financial statements or alternative financial information. The liability may be negative in some situations.

Gross policy liabilities – investment contracts

Under life insurance methods, the liability for investment contracts business, gross of outwards reinsurance. May be gross or net of tax, consistent with the insurer’s financial statements or alternative financial information.

Policyholder unvested benefit liability

The liability for undistributed past profits that are expected to be paid to policyholders through future bonuses.

Gross outstanding claims liability

The liability for claims that have occurred but are unpaid, gross of outwards reinsurance, under general insurance methods. Includes reported unpaid claims, incurred but not reported claims, incurred but not enough reported claims and reopened claims. Inclusive of claims handling expenses and risk margins.

Gross unearned premium and unexpired risk liability

Comprises gross unearned premium liability and unexpired risk liability.

Gross unearned premium liability

The liability for the portion of premiums that relates to the period of cover that is in the future, gross of outwards reinsurance, under general insurance methods.

Unexpired risk liability

The liability for the failure of the liability adequacy test that is additional to gross unearned premiums liability; that is, the expected deficiency of premiums to meet claims and relevant expenses in respect of the period of cover that is the future.

Outwards reinsurance liabilities

The portions of gross policy liabilities and policyholder unvested benefit liability that is met from outwards reinsurance. This may be negative in some circumstances. Applicable only if life insurance methods are used for the corresponding liabilities.

Other insurance-related liabilities

The liabilities associated with insurance business that is not included elsewhere (such as premium refunds payable). Excludes liabilities that are not directly insurance-related and negative assets.

Total insurance liabilities

The sum of policy liabilities, policyholder unvested benefit liability, gross outstanding claims liability, gross unearned premium and unexpired risk liability, outwards reinsurance liabilities and other insurance-related liabilities.

Other liabilities

Comprises any liability not elsewhere classified. Excludes liabilities in relation to insurance business.

Total liabilities

The sum of total insurance liabilities and other liabilities.

Net assets

Net assets

Total assets less total liabilities.

Capital additions

New capital that has been raised during the financial year, other than through profit after tax or movement in reserves. This includes issue of new share equity, transfer from head office for an overseas insurer, and contributions to members’ funds for a mutual insurer.

Key ratios

Profit after tax

Total revenue less total expenses, net of tax expense.

Total investment revenue

The sum of interest, dividends and rent, together with realised and unrealised gains and losses.

Return on net assets

The net profit after tax divided by the total estimated net assets at the start of the period. This is expressed as annual percentage rates.

Investment return

Total investment revenue divided by total investment assets.

Symbols and conventions for summary table

Symbol or convention Definition
0 Zero or value rounded to zero
- Not applicable
.. Not available
bold Revised/new
italics Provisional
Light grey background Historical

General notes

  • Individual figures may not sum to the totals due to rounding
  • Percentage changes are calculated on unrounded numbers
  • You are free to copy, distribute and adapt these statistics subject to the conditions listed on our copyright page.