Holdings of Kauri bonds (D35)

This data shows the value of Kauri bonds on issue in New Zealand. Kauri bonds are New Zealand dollar (NZD) denominated debt security issued in New Zealand by a foreign issuer.
 Special note: Kauri re-classification
16 July 2021 03:00 p.m.
Next release
17 August 2021 03:00 p.m.
Reserve Bank of New Zealand
Previous years: Monthly:
Jun 2019 Jun 2020 Feb 2021 Mar 2021 Apr 2021 May 2021 Jun 2021
Kauri bonds ($m)
Total 24,939 22,504 24,765 24,340 23,740 24,565 25,165
Financial corporations 13,196 11,927 14,081 13,773 13,582 13,943 14,298
Non-financial corporations 7 8 7 7 7 7 7
Central government 1,892 2,494 2,997 3,058 2,867 3,131 3,403
Local government 20 136 242 230 227 244 237
Non-profit institutions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Households 1 11 16 16 18 20 20
Non-residents 9,789 7,897 7,392 7,226 7,009 7,191 7,172
Unallocated 32 30 29 29 29 28 28
MEMO ITEM: Non-residents
Total held by non-residents ($m) 9,789 7,897 7,392 7,226 7,009 7,191 7,172
Proportion held by non-residents (%) 39.3 35.1 29.8 29.7 29.5 29.3 28.5

The data: coverage, periodicity, and timeliness


Nominal amount of Kauri bonds (non-resident issued debt securities) on issue in New Zealand at the end of the month. Data is sourced from New Zealand registries (Computershare, Link Market Services, and NZClear), a survey of nominee companies and registered banks.

Periodicity and timeliness

Data is published monthly approximately three weeks after the end of the reference month.

Access by the public

Data release

Data is released on this page.

Statistics release calendar

The Statistics Release Calendar provides a long-term plan of scheduled releases. It is updated and released on the first working day of the month.

View the Statistics Release Calendar


Changes in methodology

From August 2016 data has been sourced from a securities database developed by the Reserve Bank. Data has been backdated to July 2015 but may not be comparable with previously published data due to the inclusion of non-repo eligible Kauri bonds.

Kauri bonds

Kauri bonds

Kauri bonds are New Zealand dollar (NZD) denominated debt security issued in New Zealand by a non-resident (or foreign) issuer.

Repo-eligible Kauri bonds

Repo-eligible Kauri bonds are accepted by the Reserve Bank for repurchase transactions.

Holdings of Kauri bonds

Financial corporations

Financial corporations consist of all units that provide mainly financial services, including financial intermediation, financial risk management, liquidity transformation, and various supporting activities.

This sector includes securities held by the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) and registered banks in New Zealand.

Non-financial corporations

Non-financial corporations consist of resident business enterprises that produce goods and non-financial services to sell at competitive market prices that are sufficient to generate a profit or surplus in the long term.

Central government

Central government is responsible for functions such as taxation, law and order, defence, and those responsible for advancing the economic and social well-being of the country in other ways. It also includes funded social insurance schemes that are financed independently of government general revenue, through levies on households, employers, or the self-employed.

This sector includes securities held by the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC), Earthquake Commission (EQC), New Zealand Superannuation Fund (NZSF), and Southern Response Earthquake Services Limited (SRESL).

Local government

Local government consists of territorial authorities and regional councils, as well as the other non-market units and non-profit institutions they control.

Non-profit institutions

Non-profit institutions (serving households) consist of resident non-market institutional units that deliver goods or services to fulfil a social need or community interest.


Households are New Zealand resident individuals, families, whänau, hapü, and marae in their role as final consumers and as owners of production factors.


The rest of the world consists of all non-resident institutional units that enter into transactions with resident units, or have other economic links with resident units.


Unallocated is used where the sector of ownership cannot be identified.


Nominal value

The nominal value of securities represents the amount to be repaid at maturity.

Repurchase agreements

Repurchase agreements (repos) are an arrangement involving the provision of securities in exchange for cash with a commitment to repurchase the same or similar securities at a fixed price, either on a specified future date.

Kauri re-classification

16 July 2021

Last month three Kauri bonds with a combined face value of $1.075 billion were issued and misclassified as domestic corporate debt. The following series were impacted and have been corrected in this month’s publication:

Total (ROSI.MAA1.W)

Central Government (ROSN.MAB2.WZZP)

Unallocated (ROSN.MAB2.WZZU)

Proportion held by non-residents (ROSN.MAH1.W)

Total repo eligible Kauri bonds (ROSI.MAA1.W1)

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Symbols and conventions for summary table

0 Zero or value rounded to zero
- Not applicable
.. Not available
bold Revised/new
italics Provisional
light red background Historical

General notes

  • Individual figures may not sum to the totals due to rounding
  • Percentage changes are calculated on unrounded numbers
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