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Exchange rate strategies for small open developed economies such as New Zealand

Nils Bjorksten, Anne-Marie Brook

Changes in the global financial system, together with new experience with fixed and floating exchange rates, have resulted in a reassessment of exchange rate strategies for both developed and emerging market economies. The emergence of a currency union in Europe has been seen by some as showing the path forward in the continuing integration process of developed nations, including New Zealand. In view of the large swings in the New Zealand exchange rate over the past decade, some attention has recently been paid to alternative exchange rate strategies that might allow for reductions in exchange rate variability, and potentially better economic growth performance. This article discusses these issues.